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No one knows whether he wrote the old Swiss chemist back. Hofmann independently wrote Insight/Outlook (1989), concerning the perception of reality, and the posthumously published Hofmann’s Elixir: LSD and the New Eleusis (2008). Its psychedelic effects came on during his bike ride home. During his study at the University of Zurich his interest was most of all drawn to the chemistry … While in Mexico, he was able to convince a curandera (female shaman) to preside over a ritual that employed the compounds he had isolated from the Psilocybe mushrooms, which grew naturally in the area. He conceded that it could be dangerous if misused, because a relatively high dose of 500 micrograms will have an extremely powerful psychoactive effect, especially if administered to a first-time user without adequate supervision. Hofmann's assignment was to synthesize a series of derivatives of ergot, a fungus growing on wheat- in other words, a mushroom. Up until […] Scientists had recently isolated the substance, which was responsible for the effects of ergot on the uterus in stopping postpartum haemorrhage. Steve Jobs passed away in October 2011. After retiring from Sandoz in 1971, Hofmann was allowed to take his papers and research home. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Updates? 1944 1943: Albert Hofmann accidentally discovers the psychedelic properties of LSD. He tested it on himself on a day known as the Bicycle day. Being Swiss, and being the meticulous chemist he was, Hofmann did not simply retrieve the five-year-old sample from the chemical archives. He attended the University of Zürich, graduating in 1929 with a doctorate in medicinal chemistry. THE SUBSTANCE - is an investigation into our troubled relation with LSD. Albert Hofmann, the Swiss chemist who discovered the hallucinogenic drug LSD, has died aged 102, the organization that republished his book on the mind-altering substance said. Albert Hofmann, the Swiss chemist who discovered LSD and thereby gave the psychedelic generation the pharmaceutical vehicle to turn on, … In 1962, Hofmann and his wife Anita Hofmann (née Guanella, sister of Gustav Guanella, an important Swiss inventor) traveled to southern Mexico to search for the plant "Ska Maria Pastora" (Leaves of Mary the Shepherdess), later known as Salvia divinorum. On that day, the young chemist ingested the new substance that he'd synthesized in his laboratory at Sandoz, of which … Especially when you grew up in the 30’s or 40’s. Young adults who discovered it in the mid to late 1960’s thought it allowed the user to suppress the false and misleading modes of Albert Hofmann, the Swiss scientist best known for synthesising the hallucinogenic drug LSD, has died aged 102. Hofmann's main interest was the chemistry of plants and animals, and he later conducted important research on the chemical structure of the common animal substance chitin, for which he received his doctorate with distinction in 1929.[5]. [3] He authored more than 100 scientific articles and numerous books, including LSD: Mein Sorgenkind (LSD: My Problem Child). On April 19, 1943, Albert Hofmann, the Swiss father of psychedelic medicine, dropped lysergic acid diethylamide and went on a bike ride, becoming the first human to ever trip on acid. Emile Gagnan and Jacques Cousteau invent the aqualung. It was set aside for five years, until 16 April 1943, when Hofmann decided to reexamine it. He first synthesized Lysergic Acid Diethylamide from ergot alkaloids in 1938, and, after tests on animals, found that the substance wasn't very interesting or helpful to his work. Hofmann’s initial discovery was set aside for five years until April 1943, when he returned to his earlier therapeutic research on the compound. Hoffman passed away at his home in Basel on 29 April as a result of a heart attack, according to the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies. On April 16, 1943, a Swiss chemist by the name of Albert Hofmann accidentally ingested a drug he created five years earlier while working at Sandoz … Hofmann became director of Sandoz' natural products department and continued studying hallucinogenic substances found in Mexican mushrooms and other plants used by aboriginal people there. Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann, who in 1943 accidentally discovered the hallucinogenic effects of Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), has died at the age of 102, Reuters reports. He contributed to several books, including The Road to Eleusis: Unveiling the Secret of the Mysteries (1978), which speculates that the Eleusinian Mysteries, a series of ancient Greek religious rites, were catalyzed by consumption of hallucinogenic mushrooms; The Botany and Chemistry of Hallucinogens (1973); and Plants of the Gods: Origins of Hallucinogenic Use (1979). The story of a drug - its discovery in the Basel chemistry … [23][24], The Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zurich) honored him with the title D.Sc. The archives were sent to the San Francisco area in 2002 to be digitized, but that process was never completed. EN/ In 1943, Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann made a sensational discovery with far-reaching consequences, entirely by accident. However, it is still not clear what produces all … By coincidence rather then by design the swiss chemist Albert Hofmann makes a sensational discovery in the spring of 1943. It wasn't until 5 years later on April 16th, 1943, that the psychedelic properties were discovered. He realizes that he is dealing with a powerful molecule that will have an impact not only on the scientific world. Hofmann was a long-time friend and correspondent of German author and entomologist Ernst Jünger, whom he met in 1949. He later described this altered state of mind as “a not unpleasant, intoxicated-like condition characterized by an extremely … Archived. 31. It was not until five years later on April 19, 1943, that the psychedelic properties were found. Initially this new hallucinogen was explored by Western scientists for its therapeutic potential. Hofmann was also the first person to isolate, synthesize, and name the principal psychedelic mushroom compounds psilocybin and psilocin. The Swiss chemist discovered lysergic acid diethylamide-25 in 1938 while studying the medicinal uses of a fungus found on wheat and other grains at the … -April 19, 1943 he performed an experiment on himself to determine the true effects of LSDeffects were known when Hofmann consumed LSD. In 2013, the archives were sent to the Institute of Medical History in Bern, Switzerland, where they are currently being organized. Seventy years ago - on April 16, 1943 - Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann accidentally discovered the hallucinogenic effects of LSD-25. Dr. Albert Hofmann (1906-Present) is none other than the Swiss chemist who created the most enigmatic, and strangest chemical known to man, LSD-25. LSD Was First Made by a Swiss Chemist. [18] The Multidisciplinary Association of Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) has supported psychoanalytic research using LSD, carrying on Hofmann's legacy and setting the groundwork for future studies.[19]. On April 16, 1943, a Swiss chemist by the name of Albert Hofmann accidentally ingested a drug he created five years earlier while working at Sandoz … In a dreamlike state, with eyes closed (I found the daylight to be unpleasantly glaring), I perceived an uninterrupted stream of fantastic pictures, extraordinary shapes with intense, kaleidoscopic play of colors. Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann took the first acid trip in 1943 while he was conducting tests for a migraine cure in Basel when he accidentally absorbed the LSD compound through his fingertips. After inventing the hallucinogenic substance LSD, the Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann unintentionally, and then intentionally, took doses of the drug. In 1960 he discovered a compound similar to LSD in a species of morning glory (Rivea corymbosa), and in 1962 he traveled to Mexico to research the plant Salvia divinorum, though he was ultimately unable to discern its actively hallucinogenic components. LSD was developed in 1938 by Arthur Stoll and Albert Hofmann, Swiss chemists hoping to create a headache cure. [4], Hofmann was born in Baden, Switzerland, the first of four children to factory toolmaker Adolf Hofmann and his wife Elisabeth (born Elisabeth Schenk). [15], In December 2007, Swiss medical authorities allowed psychotherapist Peter Gasser to perform psycho-therapeutic experiments on patients suffering from terminal-stage cancer and other deadly diseases. Gordon Wasson, a New York banker and mycologist, called attention to the powers of the Mexican mushrooms in 1953,… [21][22], Hofmann died at the age of 102 from a heart attack on the 29th April 2008 in Switzerland. Especially when you grew up in the 30’s or 40’s. On April 16, 1943, a Swiss chemist by the name of Albert Hofmann accidentally ingested a drug he created five years earlier while working at Sandoz Laboratories (now a subsidiary of Novartis) and began to experience very unusual sensations and hallucinations. He then decided to cycle home, embarking on what turned out to be the first 'bad trip' in the history of LSD. The Swiss Albert Hofmann is a prominent scientist in the chemical area that you simply can not ignore. In the 1930s, Sandoz Company chemist Albert Hofmann was fresh from his PhD at the University of Zurich when he set out to synthesise lysergic acid. He was 102 years old. No cars were available for Albert Hofmann to drive home from Sandoz Pharmaceuticals in Basel, Switzerland, on April 19, 1943. He was 102. [10], Three days later, on 19 April 1943, Hofmann intentionally ingested 250 micrograms of LSD. With Trevor J. Roling, Hanspeter Müller, Mario Scarabelli, Albert Hofmann. Albert Hofmann was a Swiss chemist best known for creating the powerful psychedelic drug LSD. Lsd was first synthesized on November 16, 1938 by the Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann it was not until five years later on April 19, 1943, that properties were found. Albert Hofmann, the Swiss chemist who discovered the hallucinogenic drug LSD, has died aged 102. He spent years investigating LSD’s hallucinogenic properties in the belief that the drug would one day be useful in the therapeutic treatment of schizophrenics and other psychiatric patients. In the end, however, it was a problem of theoretical knowledge which induced me to study chemistry, which was a great surprise to all who knew me. LDS developed by Swiss scientist Albert Hoffmann in 1943 when trying to find a cure for migraines. At the age of twenty, Hofmann began his chemistry degree at the University of Zürich, finishing three years later, in 1929. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It was this decision, his response to his “peculiar presentiment,” that changed history (and Hofmann … He stumbled upon a peculiar chemical substance: lysergic acid diethylamide or LSD. Dr. Albert Hofmann; translated from the original German, "Meet the Lab Coat-Clad Granddaddies of LSD", "Der Nachlass von Albert Hofmann: Auf den Spuren von LSD", "LSD Archive Has Been on a Long, Strange Trip", "Albert Hofmann, the Father of LSD, Dies at 102", "Albert Hofmann Death Fact Check, Birthday & Date of Death", LSD Returns—For Psychotherapeutics (Scientific American Magazine article), Albert Hofmann and Visionary Mushrooms – includes hand-written molecular structures of LSD and psilocybin by Dr. Hofmann, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albert_Hofmann&oldid=1001329687, People associated with the University of Zurich, Wikipedia pages move-protected due to vandalism, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Possible treatment for alcoholism in 1950’s. He was 102. PARIS — Albert Hofmann, the mystical Swiss chemist who gave the world LSD, the most powerful psychotropic substance known, has died at his … This was the first intentional LSD trip. All the time, a steady stream of people continued to visit the "father of LSD" in Basel during the 1970s and 1980s. (honoris causa) in 1969 together with Gustav Guanella, his brother-in-law. [2] In 2007, he shared first place with Tim Berners-Lee in a list of the 100 greatest living geniuses, published by The Daily Telegraph newspaper. Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann created LSD in 1936 – but it wasn't until 1943 that he first dosed himself and went on a magical bicycle ride. In his 1980 autobiography* Albert Hofmann described the first time he intentionally took LSD, on 19 April 1943. After accidentally absorbing a small amount of the synthesized drug, he experienced dreamlike hallucinations. The drug has a powerful hallucinogenic effect on the human brain. It was not until 1943 that Albert Hofmann discovered the hallucinogenic properties of LSD. The furore that he created in 1943 as ‘the man who discovered LSD’ made of him into a true ‘drugs-celebrity’. This day is now known as "Bicycle Day", because he began to feel the effects of the drug as he rode home on a bike. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. In 1938, Swiss chemist, Albert Hofmann, was working for Sandoz, a pharmaceutical company. Swiss scientist Albert Hofmann was born January 11, 1906 and died April 29, 2008. LOS ANGELES - Albert Hofmann, the Swiss chemist who discovered LSD and thereby gave the psychedelic generation the pharmaceutical vehicle to turn on, tune in, and drop out, has died. Hofmann, A. The Substance: Albert Hofmann's LSD is a 2011 documentary film directed by Martin Witz. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Omissions? This led to the synthesis of psilocybin, the active agent of many "magic mushrooms. "Psilocybin und Psilocin, zwei psychotrope Wirkstoffe aus mexikanischen Rauschpilzen." …until 1943, when Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann accidentally ingested a synthetic preparation of LSD and experienced its psychedelic effects, that the search for a natural substance responsible for schizophrenia became widespread. Rolling Stone Send a Tip Having accidentally ingested a The Sandoz Pharmaceuticals (now Novartis) employee was working with ergot, a … LSD has a chemical structure that is very similar to the neurotransmitter called serotonin. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. For thousands of years perhaps, midwives … This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 06:18. A. Hofmann . The film documents the coincidental discovery of the drug LSD by the Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann in 1943. The chemist had in the … Hofmann reportedly died of … LSD was first synthesized in 1938 by a 32-year-old Swiss chemist named Albert Hofmann. [8] The main intention of the synthesis was to obtain a respiratory and circulatory stimulant (analeptic) with no effects on the uterus in analogy to nikethamide (which is also a diethylamide) by introducing this functional group to lysergic acid. It contains a collection of Hofmanns encounters with scientists, artists, and hippies who were interested in his discovery for a variety of reasons, aswell as many personal anecdotes and insights. While re-synthesizing LSD, he accidentally absorbed a small amount of the drug through his fingertips and discovered its powerful effects. Albert Hofmann, (born Jan. 11, 1906, Baden, Switz.—died April 29, 2008, Burg, Switz. In 1971 the Swedish Pharmaceutical Association (Sveriges Farmacevtförbund) granted him the Scheele Award, which commemorates the skills and achievements of the Swedish Pomerania chemist and pharmacist Carl Wilhelm Scheele.[25]. However, most of his later research focused on the psychotropic qualities of various plants and fungi. As a research chemist at Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, he ingested some of the substance he had synthesised in the lab, unaware of its effects. Drogen und Rausch (Approaches: Drugs and Intoxication). Albert Hofmann, the pioneering Swiss chemist and advocate of psychedelics who discovered the hallucinogenic properties of LSD, died Tuesday. Hofmann’s enfant terrible was first born in a Swiss lab in November 1938. In 1943 The Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann tested on himself LSD for the first time. Hofmann was also the first person to isolate, synthesize, and name the principal psychedelic mushroom compounds psilocybin and psilocin. No cars were available for Albert Hofmann to drive home from Sandoz Pharmaceuticals in Basel, Switzerland, on April 19, 1943. When his father became ill, Hofmann obtained a position as a commercial apprentice in concurrence with his studies. Corrections? Posted by. Jünger experimented with LSD with Hofmann; in 1970, Jünger published a book of his experiences taking several types of drugs, Annäherungen. Hofmann himself continued his career as a chemist, and developed several other medicines. Albert Hofmann, the Swiss chemist who discovered the hallucinogenic drug LSD, has died aged 102, the organization that republished his book on … In Basel, Switzerland, Albert Hofmann, a Swiss chemist working at the Sandoz pharmaceutical research laboratory, accidentally consumes LSD -25, a synthetic drug he had created … In 1943 The Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann tested on himself LSD for the first time. Scientist, chemist, father of LSD The Swiss Albert Hofmann is a prominent scientist in the chemical area that you simply can not ignore. Close. [7] He began studying the medicinal plant Drimia maritima (squill) and the fungus ergot, as part of a program to purify and synthesize active constituents for use as pharmaceuticals. [11], Hofmann continued to take small doses of LSD throughout much of his life, and always hoped to find a use for it. Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann first synthesized the psychedelic drug Lysergic acid dethylamide (LSD), commonly known as acid, on Nov. 16, 1938, but it was not until April 19, 1943, that he intentionally took the drug and experienced his first trip as he was riding his bicycle home through the streets of Basel. The chemical, later known worldwide as LSD, absorbed into his system and soon after he experienced an intense state of altered consciousness. In his memoir, he emphasized it as a "sacred drug": "I see the true importance of LSD in the possibility of providing material aid to meditation aimed at the mystical experience of a deeper, comprehensive reality."[12]. [...] This [career] decision was not easy for me. On August 16, 1943, Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann was synthetizing a new compound called lysergic acid diethylamide-25 when he got a couple of drops on his finger. He was nearly as famous for having taken the world's first acid trip. Hofmann also isolated methergine, a drug used to treat postpartum hemorrhaging, from ergot. Hofmann felt that everyone should try his "drug". On August 16, 1943, Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann was synthetizing a new compound called lysergic acid diethylamide-25 when he got a couple of drops on his finger. Many were en route to India and the Far East in search of … In his autobiography published in 1980, Hofmann recounts the first intentional LSD trip on April 19, 1943. Owing to his father's low income, Albert's godfather paid for his education. Directed by Martin Witz. Mystical experiences in childhood, in which Nature was altered in magical ways, had provoked questions concerning the essence of the external, material world, and chemistry was the scientific field which might afford insights into this.[6]. TIL on April 19th, 1943, Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann made his legendary bicycle ride home from his lab in Basel shortly after ingesting 250 micrograms of LSD, making this the first ever acid trip I think that in human evolution it has never been as necessary to have this substance LSD. "It was used very successfully for ten years in psychoanalysis," he said, adding that the drug was misused by the counterculture of the 1960s, and then criticized unfairly by the political establishment of the day. Flashback: LSD Creator Albert Hofmann Drops Acid for the First Time The Swiss chemist created LSD in 1936 – but it wasn’t until 1943 that he first dosed himself and went on a magical bicycle ride Despite his family’s lack of means, Hofmann spent an idyllic childhood exploring the hills surrounding Baden, though as a teenager he was forced to seek work when his father became ill. In 1958 he synthesized psilocybin and psilocin, the hallucinogenic compounds in the mushroom Psilocybe mexicana, having been sent samples by an amateur mycologist intrigued by his work with LSD. In 1963, Hofmann attended the annual convention of the World Academy of Arts and Sciences (WAAS) in Stockholm. LSD was first synthesized in 1938 by a 32-year-old Swiss chemist named Albert Hofmann. TIL on April 19th, 1943, Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann made his legendary bicycle ride home from his lab in Basel … In 1943, the year in which the first A-bomb was built, Albert Hofmann discovered LSD, a substance that was to become an A-bomb of the mind. Biography. Having synthesised LSD for the first time in 1938, while looking for possible blood stimulants, accidental trace ingestion on 16 April 1943 gave Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann reason to think it had psychoactive properties. Sandoz was looking for compounds that induced muscular contractions. Hofmann, a Swiss chemist, was researching the synthesis of a lysergic acid compound, LSD … But LSD soon found its way out of the lab and into the world of recreational use by the counterculture movement. Swiss chemist dubbed “the father of LSD” who later wrote a book called, “LSD, My Problem Child.” Hofmann discovered LSD by accident on April 16, 1943 while he was an employee of a pharmaceutical company in Basel, Switzerland. Fractions of a milligram are enough to turn our framework of time and space upside down. He was able to obtain samples of this plant, but never succeeded in identifying its active compound, which has since been identified as the diterpenoid salvinorin A. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 421. [9] He described what he felt as being: ... affected by a remarkable restlessness, combined with a slight dizziness. Following his initial experience, Hoffman purposely ingested the drug numerous times, concluding that it could be of significant use in psychiatric treatment. Discovery as a Hallucinogen. Albert Hofmann, the Swiss chemist who discovered LSD and thereby gave the psychedelic generation the pharmaceutical vehicle to turn on, tune in and drop out, has died. Helvetica Chemica Acta 42: 1557–1572 (1959). Albert Hofmann, the pioneering Swiss chemist and advocate of psychedelics who discovered the hallucinogenic properties of LSD, died Tuesday. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Moreover, an artistic career was tempting. He was 102. Albert Hofmann (11 January 1906 – 29 April 2008) was a Swiss chemist known best for being the first known person to synthesize, ingest, and learn of the psychedelic effects of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Albert-Hofmann, The Albert Hofmann Foundation - Dr. Albert Hofmann - January 11 1906 - April 29 2008. Albert Hofmann died of natural causes a year after sending the letter in 2008. [7] While researching lysergic acid derivatives, Hofmann first synthesized LSD on 16 November 1938. [17] In 2008, Hofmann wrote to Steve Jobs, asking him to support this research; it is not known if Jobs responded. After inventing the hallucinogenic substance LSD, the Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann unintentionally, and then intentionally, took doses of the drug. u/Onebigsusmeme. In 1943, a scientist took a bike ride on LSD. Hofmann also investigated the pharmacological properties of a number of other plants as well, including peyote, from which mescaline is derived. The psychedelic drug LSD was first synthesized by the Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann in the Sandoz (now Novartis) laboratories in Basel, Switzerland in 1938. Albert Hofmann, the Swiss chemist who invented LSD, the first synthesized psychedelic drug, died at home yesterday in Basel, Switzerland. LSD Could Be the Key to Alleviating the Mental Health Crisis—if Government Allows It fee.org - Sasha Sasha Butts. Hofmann, interviewed shortly before his hundredth birthday, called LSD "medicine for the soul" and was frustrated by the worldwide prohibition of it. At home I lay down and sank into a not unpleasant intoxicated[-]like condition, characterized by an extremely stimulated imagination. "[14] Hofmann also became interested in the seeds of the Mexican morning glory species Turbina corymbosa, which are called ololiuqui by natives. Hofmann created the drug in 1938, but did not realize its effects until 1943 … Regarding his decision to pursue a career as a chemist, Hofmann provided insight during a speech he delivered to the 1996 Worlds of Consciousness Conference in Heidelberg, Germany: One often asks oneself what roles planning and chance play in the realization of the most important events in our lives. Albert Hofmann, the Swiss scientist best known for synthesising the hallucinogenic drug ... April 19 1943, Hofmann deliberately took a tiny dose of some ... Albert Hofmann, research chemist,1902-2008. ), Swiss chemist who discovered the psychedelic drug lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), which he first synthesized in 1938 by isolating compounds found in ergot (Claviceps purpurea), a fungus affecting rye. He authored more than 100 scientific articles and numerous books, including LSD: Mein Sorgenkind (LSD: My Problem Child… LSD: My Problem Child (German: LSD: Mein Sorgenkind) is a 1980 book written by Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann about the history of LSD that he discovered in 1943. The psychedelic drug (or entheogen) lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) was first synthesized on November 16, 1938 by the Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann in the Sandoz (now Novartis) laboratories in Basel, Switzerland. 8 months ago. Albert Hofmann (11 January 1906 – 29 April 2008) was a Swiss chemist known best for being the first known person to synthesize, ingest, and learn of the psychedelic effects of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). Hofmann later discovered 4-Acetoxy-DET (4-acetoxy-N,N-diethyltryptamine, also known as ethacetin, ethylacybin, or 4-AcO-DET) a hallucinogenic tryptamine. Hofmann, who had become director of natural products at Sandoz Laboratories in 1956, retired in 1971. Richard Pallardy received a B.A. [16] Hofmann acclaimed the study and reiterated his belief in LSD's therapeutic benefits. While disapproving of the casual recreational use that came to define the drug in the 1960s, Hofmann maintained that the drug, when taken under controlled circumstances and with full knowledge of the possible effects, could prove useful in both psychiatric and spiritual contexts, an argument that he conveyed in his 1979 book LSD, mein Sorgenkind (LSD: My Problem Child, 1980). In 2008 soon found its way out of the lab and into world... Bicycle day his autobiography published in 1980, Hofmann was also the first intentional LSD on... 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Revise the article it was not easy for me as necessary to have this substance LSD your Britannica newsletter get!

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