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This country had an unpleasant history of discrimination and inequality for over three centuries. The frontier wars, taking place on the eastern seaboard with the Nguni-speaking communities in what is to become the regions of the Transkei and Natal, and also with seSotho speakers in the North and Northwest parts of the country, achieve not only the military conquest of the African people, but critically also the conquest of their ways of life. The slave trade is abolished in Britain in 1807 and slavery is formally abolished in all colonies of the British empire, including the colony at the Cape,  in 1833. Higher education was generally reserved for those who could travel to Europe, but in 1829 the government established the multiracial South African College, which later split into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools. In 1959, the Extension of University Education Act prohibited established universities from accepting most black students, although the government did create universities for black, coloured, and Indian students. Share | Discover in a free daily email today's famous history and birthdays Enjoy the Famous Daily. After British colonial officials began encouraging families to emigrate from Britain to the Cape Colony in 1820, the Colonial Office screened applicants for immigration for background qualifications. The period is marked by the introduction in the early 1950s of a series of landmark pieces of legislation, culminating, in 1953, with the Bantu Education Act. Whether or not education is used to promote or hinder peace depends largely on the school curriculum. As the process of Anglicisation happens, it happens with some ambiguity. Black schools had inferior facilities, teachers, and textbooks. Before 1953, many black people attended schools set up by religions organisations. Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. By 2006 it was clear that OBE as a social experiment had failed, and it was quietly shelved. 76) of 1984 provided some improvements in black education but maintained the overall separation called for by the Bantu education system. British mission schools proliferated after 1799, when the first members of the London Missionary Society arrived in the Cape Colony. This position was bureaucratised with an administrative apparatus by the end of this century. Out of this experience, notably, comes the first formal writing in Afrikaans. Significant steps continue to be taken by the rapidly growing missionary movement to provide education for both black and white children. Emerging clearly out of this development, of course, are the abiding themes of conflict. This period was marked by a systematic attempt on the part of the British to anglicise Cape society. Each of the three houses of parliament--for whites, coloureds, and Indians--had an education department for one racial group. History of African Education under Colonialism. What does this mean? Under Apartheid South Africa, there were eight education departments that followed different curricula and offered different standards of learning quality. Provincial autonomy in education was strengthened in the early twentieth century, and all four provincial governments used government funds primarily to educate whites. de Klerk became president of South Africa and dismantled many of the laws that allowed apartheid to become the way of life in the country. Wealthy and middle-class Blacks have been able to access the best education available to any White child, but for poor and working-class Black families which make up the majority of South … The significance of this school in presenting the themes of domination and resistance, is vital for understanding South African education. In the past, many scholars tended to use the start of colonial rule as the dawn of South African history (Molema, 1920: 51-52; Theal, 1894). South Africa Timeline BCE. This incorporation is, however, important for the needs of the growing economy. The government established Grey College--later the University of the Orange Free State--in Bloemfontein in 1855 and placed it under the supervision of the Dutch Reformed Church. A central reason for the establishment of these schools is the need for cheap labour. Yet, at the same time, during this period there is evidence of black and white children being educated in common classrooms. At least two dozen English-language schools operated in rural areas of the Cape Colony by 1827, but their presence rankled among devout Afrikaners, who considered the English language and curriculum irrelevant to rural life and Afrikaner values. Was bureaucratised with an administrative apparatus by the rapidly growing missionary movement provide! 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